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Food Additives > E Numbers � Food Additives E Number












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E Numbers � Food Additives E Number

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E numbers for food additives are sort of codes that are used within European Union. E in the food additives E number stands for Europe. Across European Union you will find the food labels containing these e numbers or food additives numbers. The International Numbering System (INS) is followed in this e numbering scheme.

Although E numbers are also used in other countries like GCC, Australia, New Zealand and Israel but Australia and New Zealand omit the E prefix in the e numbers on food additives.

Classification of E Numbers

E100�199
Colours
E200�299
Preservatives
E300�399
Antioxidants &
acidity regulators
E400�499
Thickeners,
stabilisers &
emulsifiers
E500�599
pH regulators
& anti-caking agents
600�699
Flavour
enhancers

E100�199 (Colours)

E100 Curcumin
E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin (Vitamin G)
E101a Riboflavin-5'-phosphate
E102 Tartrazine
E104 Quinoline yellow
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF; Orange Yellow S
E120 Cochineal ; Carminic acid; Carmines
E122 Azorubine; Carmoisine
E123 Amaranth
E124 Ponceau 4R (Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R)
E127 Erythrosine
E128 Red 2G
E129 Allura Red AC
E131 Patent Blue V
E132 lndigotine; Indigo Carmine
E133 Brilliant Blue FCF
E140 Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins
E141 Copper complexes of chlorophyll and chlorophyllins
E142 Green S
E150a Plain caramel
E150b Caustic sulphite caramel
E150c Ammonia caramel
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel
E151 Brilliant Black BN; Black PN
E153 Vegetable carbon
E154 Brown FK
E155 Brown HT
E160a Carotenes
E160b Annatto ; Bixin; Norbixin
E160c Paprika extract; Capsanthian; Capsorubin
E160d Lycopene
E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C30)
E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenoic acid (C30)
E161b Lutein
E161g Canthaxanthin
E162 Beetroot Red; Betanin
E163 Anthocyanins
E170 Calcium carbonate
E171 Titanium dioxide
E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides
E173 Aluminium
E174 Silver
E175 Gold
E180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK
E181 Tannin
E182 Orcein, Orchil

E100�199 (Colours)

E100 Curcumin
E101 Riboflavin (Vitamin B2), formerly called lactoflavin (Vitamin G)
E101a Riboflavin-5'-phosphate
E102 Tartrazine
E104 Quinoline yellow
E110 Sunset Yellow FCF; Orange Yellow S
E120 Cochineal; Carminic acid; Carmines
E122 Azorubine; Carmoisine
E123 Amaranth
E124 Ponceau 4R (Cochineal Red A, Brilliant Scarlet 4R)
E127 Erythrosine
E128 Red 2G
E129 Allura Red AC
E131 Patent Blue V
E132 lndigotine; Indigo Carmine
E133 Brilliant Blue FCF
E140 Chlorophylls and chlorophyllins
E141 Copper complexes of chlorophyll and chlorophyllins
E142 Green S
E150a Plain caramel
E150b Caustic sulphite caramel
E150c Ammonia caramel
E150d Sulphite ammonia caramel
E151 Brilliant Black BN; Black PN
E153 Vegetable carbon
E154 Brown FK
E155 Brown HT
E160a Carotenes
E160b Annatto ; Bixin; Norbixin
E160c Paprika extract; Capsanthian; Capsorubin
E160d Lycopene
E160e Beta-apo-8'-carotenal (C30)
E160f Ethyl ester of beta-apo-8'-carotenoic acid (C30)
E161b Lutein
E161g Canthaxanthin
E162 Beetroot Red; Betanin
E163 Anthocyanins
E170 Calcium carbonate
E171 Titanium dioxide
E172 Iron oxides and hydroxides
E173 Aluminium
E174 Silver
E175 Gold
E180 Pigment Rubine, Lithol Rubine BK
E181 Tannin
E182 Orcein, Orchil

E200�299 (Preservatives)

E200 Sorbic acid
E201 Sodium sorbate
E202 Potassium sorbate
E203 Calcium sorbate
E209 Heptyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E210 Benzoic acid
E211 Sodium benzoate
E212 Potassium benzoate
E213 Calcium benzoate
E214 Ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E215 Sodium ethyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E216 Propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E217 Sodium propyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E218 Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E219 Sodium methyl p-hydroxybenzoate
E220 Sulphur dioxide
E221 Sodium sulphite
E222 Sodium hydrogen sulphite
E223 Sodium metabisuiphite
E224 Potassium metabisulphite
E226 Calcium sulphite
E227 Calcium hydrogen sulphite
E228 Potassium hydrogen sulphite
E230 Biphenyl; diphenyl
E231 Orthophenyl phenol
E232 Sodium orthophenyl phenol
E234 Nisin
E235 Natamycin
E236 Formic acid
E237 Sodium formate
E 238 Calcium formate
E239 Hexamethylene tetramine
E242 Dimethyl dicarbonate
E249 Potassium nitrite
E250 Sodium nitrite
E251 Sodium nitrate
E252 Potassium nitrate
E260 Acetic acid (preservative)
E261 Potassium acetate (preservative)
E262 Sodium acetates (i) Sodium acetate (ii) Sodium
E263 Calcium acetate (preservative)
E264 Ammonium acetate
E265 Dehydroacetic acid
E266 Sodium dehydroacetate
E270 Lactic acid (preservative) (acid)
E280 Propionic acid
E281 Sodium propionate
E282 Calcium propionate
E283 Potassium propionate
E284 Boric acid
E285 Sodium tetraborate; borax
E290 Carbon dioxide
E296 Malic acid (acid)
E297 Fumaric acid
E1105 Lysozyme

E300�399 (Antioxidants, Food Acids & acidity regulators)

E300 Ascorbic acid
E301 Sodium ascorbate
E302 Calcium ascorbate
E303 Potassium ascorbate
E304 Fatty acid esters of ascorbic acid
E305 (ii) Ascorbyl stearate
E306 Tocopherols
E307 Alpha-tocopherol
E308 Gamma-tocopherol
E309 Delta-tocopherol
E310 Propyl gallate
E311 Octyl gallate
E312 Dodecyl gallate
E315 Erythorbic acid
E316 Sodium erythorbate
E320 Butylated hydroxyanisole (BHA)
E321 Butylated hydroxytoluene (BHT)
E322 Lecithin
E323 Anoxomer
E324 Ethoxyquin
E325 Sodium lactate
E326 Potassium lactate
E327 Calcium lactate
E328 Ammonium lactate
E329 Magnesium lactate
E330 Citric acid
E331 Sodium citrates (i) Monosodium citrate (ii) Disodium citrate (iii) Sodium citrate (trisodium citrate)
E332 Potassium citrates (i) Monopotassium citrate (ii) Potassium citrate (tripotassium citrate)
E333 Calcium citrates (i) Monocalcium citrate (ii) Dicalcium citrate (iii) Calcium citrate (tricalcium citrate)
E334 Tartaric acid
E335 Sodium tartrates (i) Monosodium tartrate (ii), Disodium tartrate
E336 Potassium tartrates (i) Monopotassium tartrate (cream of tartar) (ii) Dipotassium tartrate
E337 Sodium potassium tartrate
E338 Orthophosphoric acid
E339 Sodium phosphates (i) Monosodium phosphate (ii) Disodium phosphate (iii) Trisodium phosphate
E340 Potassium phosphates (i) Monopotassium phosphate (ii) Dipotassium phosphate (iii) Tripotassium phosphate
E341 Calcium phosphates (i) Monocalcium phosphate (ii) Dicalcium phosphate (iii) Tricalcium phosphate
E342 Ammonium phosphates: (i) Monoammonium orthophosphate (ii) Diammonium orthophosphate
E343 Magnesium phosphates (i) monomagnesium phosphate (ii) Dimagnesium phosphate
E349 Ammonium malate
E350 Sodium malates (i) Sodium malate (ii) Sodium hydrogen malate
E351 Potassium malate
E352 Calcium malates (i) Calcium malate (ii) Calcium hydrogen malate
E353 Metatartaric acid emulsifier
Calcium tartrate emulsifier
E355 Adipic acid
E356 Sodium adipate
E357 Potassium adipate
E359 Ammonium adipate
E363 Succinic acid
E365 Sodium fumarate
E366 Potassium fumarate
E367 Calcium fumarate
E368 Ammonium fumarate
E370 1,4-Heptonolactone
E375 Niacin (nicotinic acid), Nicotinamide
E380 Triammonium citrate
E381 Ammonium ferric citrate
E383 Calcium glycerylphosphate
E384 Isopropyl citrate
E385 Calcium disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate, (Calcium disodium EDTA)
E386 Disodium ethylene diamine tetraacetate (Disodium EDTA)
E387 Oxystearin
E388 Thiodipropionic acid
E389 Dilauryl thiodipropionate
E390 Distearyl thiodipropionate
E391 Phytic acid
E399 Calcium lactobionate

E400�499 (Thickeners, stabilisers & emulsifiers)

E400 Alginic acid
E401 Sodium alginate
E402 Potassium alginate
E403 Ammonium alginate
E404 Calcium alginate
E405 Propane-1,2-diol alginate
E406 Agar
E407 Carrageenan
E407a Processed eucheuma seaweed
E408 Bakers yeast glycan
E409 Arabinogalactan
E410 Locust bean gum; carob gum
E411 Oat gum
E412 Guar gum
E413 Tragacanth
E414 Acacia gum; gum arabic
E415 Xanthan gum
E416 Karaya gum
E417 Tara gum
E418 Gellan gum
E419 Gum ghatti
E420 Sorbitol (i) Sorbitol (ii) Sorbitol syrup
E421 Mannitol (anti-caking agent)
E422 Glycerol
E424 Curdlan
E425 Konjac
E426 Soybean hemicellulose
E429 Peptones
E430 Polyoxyethene (8) stearate
E431 Polyoxyethene (40) stearate
E432 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monolaurate; Polysorbate 20
E433 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan mono-oleate; Polysorbate 80
E434 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monopalmitate; Polysorbate 40
E435 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan monostearate; Polysorbate 60
E436 Polyoxyethylene sorbitan tristearate; Polysorbate 65
E440 Pectins
E442 Ammonium phosphatides
E444 Sucrose acetate isobutyrate
E445 Glycerol esters of wood rosins
E460 Cellulose
E461 Methyl cellulose
E463 Hydroxypropyl cellulose
E464 Hydroxypropyl methyl cellulose
E465 Ethyl methyl cellulose
E466 Carboxy methyl cellulose
E467 Sodium carboxy methyl cellulose
E468 Crosslinked sodium carboxy methyl cellulose
E469 Enzymatically hydrolysed carboxy methyl cellulose
E470a Sodium, potassium and calcium salts of fatty Acids
E470b Magnesium salts of fatty acids
E471 Mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472a Acetic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472b Lactic acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472c Citric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472d Tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472e Mono- and diacetyltartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E472f Mixed acetic and tartaric acid esters of mono- and diglycerides of fatty acids
E473 Sucrose esters of fatty acids
E474 Sucroglycerides
E475 Polyglycerol esters of fatty acids
E476 Polyglycerol polyricinoleate
E477 Propane-1,2-diol esters of fatty acids
E479b Thermally oxidised soya bean oil interacted with mono and diglycerides of fatty acids
E481 Sodium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E482 Calcium stearoyl-2-lactylate
E483 Stearyl tartrate
E491 Sorbitan monostearate
E492 Sorbitan tristearate
E493 Sorbitan monolaurate
E494 Sorbitan monooleate
E495 Sorbitan monopalmitate
E496 Sorbitan trioleat
E497 Polyoxypropylene-polyoxyethylene polymers
E498 Partial polyglycerol esters of polycondensed fatty acids of castor oil
E499 Cassia gum
E1103 Invertase

E500�599 (pH regulators & anti-caking agents)

E500 Sodium carbonates (i) Sodium carbonate (ii) Sodium bicarbonate (Sodium hydrogen carbonate) (iii) Sodium sesquicarbonate (acidity regulator)
E501 Potassium carbonates (i) Potassium carbonate (ii) Potassium bicarbonate (Potassium hydrogen carbonate)
E503 Ammonium carbonates (i) Ammonium carbonate (ii) Ammonium bicarbonate (Ammonium hydrogen carbonate)
E504 Magnesium carbonates (i) Magnesium carbonate (ii) Magnesium bicarbonate Magnesium hydrogen carbonate
E505 Ferrous carbonate
E507 Hydrochloric acid
E508 Potassium chloride (gelling agent)
E509 Calcium chloride (sequestrant)
E510 Ammonium chloride, ammonia solution (acidity regulator)
E511 Magnesium chloride
E512 Stannous chloride
E513 Sulphuric acid
E514 Sodium sulphates (i) Sodium sulphate (ii)
E515 Potassium Sulphates (i) Potassium Sulphate (ii)
E516 Calcium sulphate
E517 Ammonium sulphate
E518 Magnesium sulfate (Epsom salts)
E519 Copper(II) sulphate
E520 Aluminium sulphate
E521 Aluminium sodium sulphate
E522 Aluminium potassium sulphat
E523 Aluminium ammonium sulphat
E524 Sodium hydroxide
E525 Potassium hydroxide
E526 Calcium hydroxide
E527 Ammonium hydroxide
E528 Magnesium hydroxide
E529 Calcium oxide
E530 Magnesium oxide
E535 Sodium ferrocyanide
E536 Potassium ferrocyanide
E537 Ferrous hexacyanomanganate
E538 Calcium ferrocyanide
E539 Sodium thiosulphate
E540 Dicalcium diphosphate
E541 Sodium aluminium phosphate (i) Acidic (ii) Basic
E542 Bone phosphate (Essentiale Calcium Phosphate, Tribasic)
E543 Calcium sodium polyphosphate
E544 Calcium polyphosphate
E545 Ammonium polyphosphate
E550 Sodium Silicates (i) Sodium silicate (ii) Sodium metasilicate
E551 Silicon dioxide (Silica)
E552 Calcium silicate
E553a (i) Magnesium silicate (ii) Magnesium trisilicate
E553b Talc
E554 Sodium aluminosilicate (sodium aluminium silicate)
E555 Potassium aluminium silicate
E556 Calcium aluminosilicate (calcium aluminium silicate)
E557 Zinc silicate
E558 Bentonite
E559 Aluminium silicate (Kaolin)
E560 Potassium silicate
E561 Vermiculite
E562 Sepiolite
E563 Sepiolitic clay
E565 Lignosulphonates
E566 Natrolite-phonolite
E570 Stearic acid (Fatty acid)
E572 Magnesium stearate, calcium stearate
E574 Gluconic acid
E575 Glucono delta-lactone
E576 Sodium gluconate sequestrant
E577 Potassium gluconate sequestrant
E578 Calcium gluconate firming agent
E579 Ferrous gluconate food colouring
E580 Magnesium gluconate
E585 Ferrous lactate food colouring
E586 4-Hexylresorcinol antioxidant
E598 Synthetic calcium aluminates
E599 Perlite

600�699 (Flavour enhancers)

E620 Glutamic acid
E621 Monosodium glutamate (MSG)
E622 Monopotassium glutamate
E623 Calcium diglutamate flavour E624 Monoammonium glutamate
E625 Magnesium diglutamate
E626 Guanylic acid
E627 Disodium guanylate, sodium guanylate
E628 Dipotassium guanylate
E629 Calcium guanylate
E630 Inosinic acid
E631 Disodium inosinate
E632 Dipotassium inosinate
E633 Calcium inosinate
E634 Calcium 5'-ribonucleotides
E635 Disodium 5'-ribonucleotides
E636 Maltol
E637 Ethyl maltol
E640 Glycine and its sodium salt
E641 L-leucine
E642 Lysine hydrochloride
E650 Zinc acetate

Sweeteners

E420 (i) Sorbitol
(ii) Sorbitol syrup
E421 Mannitol
E953 lsomalt
E965 (i) Maltitol
(ii) Maltitol syrup
E966 Lactitol
E967 Xylitol
E950 Acesulfame K
E951 Aspartame
E952 Cyclamic acid and its Na and Ca salts
E954 Saccharin and its Na, K and Ca salts
E957 Thaumatin
E959 Neohesperidine DC


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